Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University
|When:||Friday, November 1, 2013, 10:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.
Join us for coffee beginning at 10:00 a.m.
|Where:||Seminar Conference Room, 10100 Burnet Road, Bldg 196-ROC, Austin, Texas 78758|
|Host:||Peter Flemings and Harm Van Avendonk, UTIG|
Click for a Live Broadcast.
Vast natural deposits of gas hydrate, a solid ice-like compound of water and methane, have been recently discovered in the sediments of the world continental margins. These deposits accumulate where methane is abundant, pressure is high, and temperature is low. Gas hydrates can dissociate when temperatures rise, releasing large amounts of greenhouse gases to the ocean-atmosphere system, and can amplify a warming trend. Gas hydrate dissociation may have played a key role in past climate perturbations, could be relevant for future climate change, and has the potential to trigger large submarine landslides. Finally, gas hydrates are being actively investigated as a possible energy resource. Scientific ocean drilling has provided crucial information on the distribution of gas hydrates in sediments, and this talk will review past studies and new directions. Future research will concentrate on microbial methanogenesis and gas hydrate formation in the context of the organic carbon cycle in marine sediments. These interdisciplinary studies will integrate data from geophysics, sedimentology, microbiology, and geochemistry in a quantitative model.